Horse Jumping Show Jumps


Horse Jumping Show Jumps

Horse Jumping Show Jumps: The Different Show Jumps

Lusitano-Horse Jumping Show JumpsHorse Jumping Show Jumps:   Each course is designed according to the professional level of experience both rider and horse have.   Several factors determine the difficulty of each course and competition.   These factors are the distance between obstacles and the curves and approach the rider should make to clear the obstacle.   The shorter the distance and the more curvy the path is, the harder it is for the horse to jump it.  The height of the obstacles and last but not least the width or spread in the combination jumps.   Course designers have to follow certain rules with regards to the heights, spread and cantering distance.   But they have freedom to put everything together.   This is why you see beautifully decorated and distributed courses especially in international competitions.

Some of the Different Types of Obstacles Used Today.

  • 1.Vertical- the poles are placed one on top of the other in the same descending line, there is no spread or width between them.
  • 2.Oxen- This obstacle is made up of two verticals, the height and spread between them varies.
  • Square oxen- Both top poles are at the same height.
    Ramped oxer-The last pole is higher than the first.
    Offset oxer- The last pole is lower than the first one
  • 3.Triple Bar- Three obstacles spread in line with different heights.
  • 4.Wall- Same as the vertical but it does not have poles, instead it is made of lightweight materials which fall off easily and resemble walls or other structures.
  • 5.Hogsback- This is a combination of three poles with the middle one being the tallest.
  • 6.Combination- Two or three obstacles in a row with only two strides in between them.
  • 7.Open Water- Water filled pool or ditch.
  • 8.Lverpool- A vertical obstacle followed by a ditch or pool of water.
  • 9.Fan- The obstacles are placed in an angle from each other, if you see them from above they look like the edges of an open fan, the horse jumps over both of them at the same time.

Types of Official Competitions.

  • Grand Prix (FEI sanctioned)- This competition is only for the best most experienced riders and horses. The circuit is designed with many closed curves between the ten to sixteen obstacles. The poles are set at more than 1.6 meters with a spread not wider than two meters.
  • Speed Derby- Speed and accuracy competition.
  • Puissance- This is a high jump competition where the last obstacle is over seven feet high.
  • Six Bar- This competition is done in a straight line where the horses must jump six obstacles with the first being the lowest and the last the highest. The top poles are raised after every round until only one horse is left, the winner.
  • Gambling Choice- On this competition the rider chooses his own course, he can jump the obstacles in any order. The team with most points and better time wins.
  • Calcutta-This is a normal obstacle course competition with special betting procedures.
  • Double Slalom – Two parallel, identical courses are set on the arena, the fastest horse with fewer faults wins.
  • Touch Class- It is the same type of obstacle course as the others but if the horse touches the poles the team is penalized with four faults.
  • Faults Converted- Faults are converted in to seconds at a rate of one second per fault. The lowest time wins.
  • Novice and Limit: This is for horses with less than six wins on the circuit. The jumps are lower and the spreads wider than in the professional circuits.

Lusitano-Horse Jumping Show JumpsCompetitions are held all over the world each year.   Beginners, intermediates and professionals all strive to go up the ladder of experience and fame.   Training and preparing for each competition is tough on both the horse and the rider.   They do not know beforehand what the course will look like and what or how high they will have to jump.   The rider does not get to see the course he will be riding on until he is in the arena.   The riders are allowed to walk around the course so they can plan and decide how they will approach each obstacle.   This allows them to save time while giving the horse enough room to maneuver for the jump.

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