Outcrossing

 

Outcrossing

Outcrossing or crossbreeding is the practice of horse breeding using two completely unrelated animals.

 
Lusitano-007Outcrossing or crossbreeding is the practice of horse breeding using two completely unrelated animals.   Outcrossing introduces new genetic material to the offspring which helps to prevent disease and deformities which may occur when using horse inbreeding methods.   Careful, well planned crossbreeding will definitely improve the gene pool and future possibilities of reproduction of positive traits and characteristics in the product off spring.   It will also keep the negative traits and characteristics from developing and showing themselves because there will not have a partner allele to join with.
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Lusitano-062May believe that the first offspring of a crossbreeding procedure has a great rating in performance and characteristics obtained from the stallion and mare.   But it will not be a good breeder himself.   It will pass on it’s some of its traits and characteristics to the next generation.   It will only be in the second and third generations when they will show all the inherited characteristics and abilities and at the same time become superb breeders.
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Lusitano-014Proper horse crossbreeding is a science and an art which takes a lot of patience and information.   It is not done at random and must be planned and executed with care and precision if you are to accomplish the goals you have in mind.   In the case of the Lusitano breed, things are more complicated.   Somewhere down the line, far or near the probability that the mare and stallion are somehow related is very real.   Even though there are five Founding Horses, there is only one Founding Mare.   So somewhere down the line, even if it is far away they are all related.
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Lusitano-048The important point to make about horse outcrossing or crossbreeding is that even if it is possible to trace the stallion and mare all the way back to a common ancestor.   Genes do not disappear over time.   They are ever present.   Other characteristics and gene chains have been added to each animal’s gene pool so new blood and genes are always incorporated when unrelated animals are bred.
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