Early Foundation Horses and Lineage
A Foundation Horse is considered the base or origin of a breed.
A Foundation Horse is an animal considered the base or origin of the lineage of a breed. They are the first animals which are legally recognized because of their characteristics, DNA, and origin. They are considered to be the seed which starts a new breed of horses. In this case, due to the fact that the Andalusian and the Lusitano were once considered as one, a long time and a lot of research was needed to reach the conclusion that these six animals were the beginning of the breed.
Five stallions and one mare are the pillars of the Portuguese Lusitano:
- Agareno, a 1931 Veiga stallion, out of Bagocha, by Lidador
- Primorosa, a 1927 Dominquez Hermanos stallion, out of Primorosa II, by Presumido
- Destinado, a 1930 Dominquez Hermanos stallion, out of Destinada, by Alegre II
- Marialva II, a 1930 Antonio Fontes Pereira de Melo stallion, out of Campina, by Marialva
- Regedor, a 1923 Alter Real stallion, out of Gavina, by Gavioto
- Hucharia, a 1943 Coulderaria Nacional mare, out of Viscaina, by Cartujano
These are the original horses that are recognized by the Portuguese Stud Book as the first representatives of the Pure Blood Lusitano. From these, three main blood lineages emerge. The Andrade, the Veiga, and the Coudelaria Nacional, all the horses bred along these lines have the general characteristics required from a Lusitano horse. But depending on who their parents were they have the specific qualities they inherited from them which set the difference among the lineages.