Andalusian Stud Books

 

Splitting of the Andalusian Stud Books

Breeding began again at top speed in Portugal.

 
Lusitano-Andalusian Stud BooksThe Andalusian Stud Books needed to be split.   Before 1960 the Iberian horse was called Andalusian in both Spain and Portugal.   In 1966 the Andalusian Stud Book was split between these countries.   The Spanish kept the name Andalusian which comes from the name of a region in Spain.   Portugal adopted the name Lusitano which comes from Lucitania, the name of a region in Portugal first called by the Romans.   At that time, horses from either country were believed to be one and the same.   But, there are many similarities between them DNA has proved that they are not the same.
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Lusitano-Andalusian Stud BooksThe Puro Sangue Lusitano (Pure Blood Lusitano) shares some DNA with other breeds that live and have lived in the Iberian Peninsula since the Stone and Bronze Ages.   Today we know that half of the genes in the Lusitano’s chromosomes are extremely rare.   The other half are unique and exclusive to them.   We also know that our friends share a maternal linage with the Sorraia.   The Sorraia is a wild horse breed that lives in Portugal and is on the brim of extinction.   Efforts are being made since in the beginning of the 20th century when a small band of these horses were found in a remote place of Portugal.
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